Reports and publications (published elsewhere)

National partnership agreement on Indigenous early childhood development

Posted on: 5 October, 2015
Issue: Vol 15 No 4, October 2015 – December 2015
Related to Births Closing the gap Deaths Health measurement Health services Hospitalisation Maternal smoking Policies Adolescents Infants and young children Pregnancy Tobacco use

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2015)
National Partnership Agreement on Indigenous Early Childhood Development
Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2015

This is the second annual performance report for the National partnership agreement on Indigenous early childhood development. It provides the latest available information, as well as trends on the six health-related indicators in the partnership agreement:

  • antenatal care
  • teenager rates of sexually transmissible and bloodborne virus infections
  • low birthweight
  • infant mortality
  • substance use during pregnancy
  • hospitalisation for children under five.

Key findings include:

  • the gap in low birthweight rates between babies of Indigenous and non-Indigenous mothers narrowed substantially between 2000 and 2010
  • Indigenous mothers were more likely than non-Indigenous mothers to have smoked during pregnancy, and accessed antenatal care less often
  • the infant mortality rate for Indigenous infants between 2001 and 2011 declined by 55%, but remained almost twice as high as for non-Indigenous infants.

Abstracted adapted from Australian Institute Health and Welfare

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